It was not known to Gerard or Parkinson, but is mentioned in the Flora of John Rea (1665). Pers. It is, wrote Parkinson in the Paradisus, ‘of the most excellent sweet pleasant sent, far surpassing all other Roses or Flowers, being neyther heady nor too strong, nor stuffing or unpleasant sweet, as many other flowers’. Privacy Policy© var year = new Date();document.write(year.getFullYear()); Rogue Valley Roses LLC. R. ‘Portlandica’ Portland Rose, Scarlet Four Seasons. The epithet bifera was given by Poiret in the belief that ‘le Rosier des Quatres Saisons’ was the twice-bearing rose of Paestum often alluded to by the Roman poets; this had frequent flowers, but they were usually described as of a deep red colour. Antique, heirloom, old and rare roses available for mail order at Rogue Valley Roses of Phoenix, Oregon. Rosa Damascena Plants is one of the highly valued plants on earth due to its numerous benefits, thus finding a genuine Rosa Damascena Plants for Sale might be like looking for a needle in a stack of hay. It was in commerce in Britain by the 1770s. Common name: Damask rose (Kannauj race) 5. semperjlorens G. Rowley (syn.) The roses are a light to moderate pink to light red. ; R. bifera Portlandica Loisel. Pers. This peculiarity is not constant, however, judging from the cultivated plant, some of whose flowers have normal receptacles. Names Redouté, Pierre Joseph (1759-1840) (Engraver) Thory, Claude-Antoine (1759-1827) (Author) Collection. "the 'Province or Damaske Rose,' Rosa Provincialis sive Damascena, 'the common Damaske Rose' in stature, prickly branches, and in other respects is like the White Rose; especiall difference consisteth in the colour and smell of the floures; for these are of a pale red colour, and of a more pleasant smell, and fitter for meat or medicine." Chron. R. bifera Portlandica Loisel. (1845), p. 211, quoting from Bishop Heber’s Indian Journal). (1797), founded on an Autumn Damask; this name could be rejected as nomen nudum but was taken up by J. F. Gmelin in Flora Badensis, Vol. Pl. The Autumn Damask still in cultivation agrees very well with the botanical type of var. Description. According to Ferrari, the Italian monthly rose differed from the ordinary Damask only in being more prickly (‘densioribus saevit aculeis’). He calls it Rosa mensalis or the ‘monethly’ rose and remarks that it produced its flowers in three flushes (June, mid-August, and late September); it was ‘in all the parts thereof very like unto the Damask Rose’, but the flowers were ‘something more double, and not all things so sweet’. Description. Names Redouté, Pierre Joseph (1759-1840) (Engraver) Thory, Claude-Antoine (1759-1827) (Author) Collection. It is most useful for its repeat flowering in the late summer. Several sorts of Autumn Damask were grown, but during the first half of the 19th century they were displaced by the various hybrid remontant roses, which owe their ‘perpetual-flowering’ character partly to the Autumn Damasks and partly to the China roses. Sepals up to twice the length of the flower-bud, with slender, sometimes slightly expanded tails and with lateral appendages, glandular and hairy on the back, strongly reflexed at flowering-time, soon deciduous. This is a rose we remember from old chintz, handpainted china and wallpaper. Add to cart. 2, p. 430 (1806) and probably still has priority over R. bifera Pers., also founded on an Autumn Damask, and published in November 1806. The distilled oil or spirit from its petals, he added in the Theatrum, ‘serveth more for outward perfumes than inward Physicke … and yet there is by many times much more of them spent and used than of red roses, so much hath pleasure outstripped necessary use’. Growth habit: Erect, with synchronous branching giving a: globular shape to canopy; canopy diameter or: growth spread of a three-year old is about 0.80-0.90 m as compared to 0.60-0.70 m of ‘Noorjahan’. Chron. It was not known to Gerard or Parkinson, but is mentioned in the Flora of John Rea (1665). It is one of the most important historic roses, probably going back to the Romans or earlier. Dates / Origin Date Issued: 1817 - 1824 Place: A Paris Four Seasons or Monthly Rose, Autumn Damask. It is a bush to about 4 ft high, which if pruned in late winter will bloom from June until autumn. aka: (Quartre Saisons, Rosa Damascena ‘Bifera’) This is the oldest European rose to reliably flower more than once, about every six weeks through till autumn. A more irregularly coloured form was portrayed by Ehret in the painting reproduced in The Rose Annual 1977, facing p. 60. It is one of the most important historic roses, probably going back to the Romans or earlier. invalidates the later R. damascena Mill. var. R. damascena is not known in the wild state. 3 (1875), p. 202; ibid., Vol. SubstanCe: Abbreviation: Systematics: Rosa damascena Damask Rose: Ros-d: Rosaceae: R. calendarum, bifera, centifolia bifera, dt. Its affinity is with R. gallica, but its armature, although mixed as in that species, is denser and stronger, the prickles being more numerous and the bristles stiffer; the inflorescence is usually laxer, with more numerous flowers, the receptacles are more elongate, and the sepals longer and more pinnated (though strongly pinnated in some forms of R. gallica), and completely reflexed at flowering-time; it is also taller, and does not sucker. Species: damascena var. Deadhead for faster rebloom, prune annually and/or peg for more bloom. Mill., flos . The York and Lancaster usually has the variegation that Parkinson mentions first (‘party-coloured’ as Rea termed it some years later) and is shown in Graham Thomas, The Old Shrub Roses, Plate IV, facing p. 104. Leaves with five or seven leaflets; rachis hairy, prickly beneath. L. The flowers are usually solitary, more rarely in twos and threes, on 2 to 3 cm long thickly glandular pedicles. semperflorens, which was the common Quatre Saisons rose of the French (R. bifera vulgaris Thory) – a different rose from the old monthly Damask of British gardens. The next possible name in order of priority is R. belgica Mill., often made a synonym of R. damascena. Thory, the botanist who wrote the text for Redouté's Les Roses, classified Damasks separately from Biferas based on the receptacle or seed pods of the plants.He set out the differences between Damasks, Biferas, Albas, and Centifolias as follows: R. damascena: receptacle swollen towards the middle and narrowing at both ends. Pers.R. Semi-double flower, light pink and rosette-shaped with quite visible yellow stamens, 7 cm in diameter and composed of 9-16 intensely scented petals. is an unresolved name This name is unresolved. Another specimen in the Kew Herbarium, sent for identification by Messrs Dickson of Chester in 1886, is near to ‘Trigintipetala’; it was received by them as R. ‘Céleste’. Copyright and licence information, see the licence page 1845 ), p. 425 ;.. Usually solitary, more rarely in twos and threes, on 2 3. By the 1770s was commonly known as R. odoratissima ( L ’ Obel ( 1581 ), 109... The 1770s since ancient times and wallpaper India the principal centre is now at Jaunpur, north-west of.... Prickles of various sizes [ gallica × moschata ] – Damask rose guarantee! 1759-1827 ) ( Engraver ) Thory, Claude-Antoine ( 1759-1827 ) ( Engraver ) Thory Claude-Antoine. Parkinson ’ s time the Damask rose had a rival in R. centifolia and... Article 16d ( 1 ), p. 211, quoting from Bishop Heber s... 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