[1] Landet har kystlinje til Middelhavet og grænser op til Syrien mod nord og øst og Israel mod sydvest. [31] [33] Fairuz is is known for her particularly forlorn style of music, set apart by its melancholic and nostalgic humor along with Fairuz's stoic image as well as yearning voice, that is almost prayer-like, often described by experts as airy, clear and flexible. Beirut és la capital del Líban, del qual és la ciutat més gran i port principal. [29][28][23], Amid the Lebanese Civil War Fairuz 's fame catapulted since unlike many of her famous peers she never left Lebanon to live abroad, and did not hold any concerts there with the exception of the stage performance of the operetta Petra, which was performed in both the western and eastern parts of the then-divided Beirut in 1978. Syrian historian, Sami Moubayed, said that the Syrians were thrilled about the performance and that Fairuz reminded them of the "good old days". [59][28], A poll conducted a week before the concert by NOW Lebanon, a Lebanese web portal sympathetic to the anti-Syria March 14 Alliance, showed that 67% of the respondents were opposed to Fairuz's appearance in Damascus, with one of the website's editorials saying that "this was not the moment for a musical love-in". Many of Fairuz's numerous unreleased works date back to the 1950s and 1960s and were composed by the Rahbani Brothers (certain unreleased songs, the oldest of all, are by Halim el Roumi). The ancient city of Damascus in Syria, a World Heritage Site, is one of the oldest in the world.Evidence of human settlement may date as far back as … Ante li Guerre Intern de Libano inter 1975 e 1990 on sovente nominat Beirut quam li Paris del Proxim Ost . Fairuz has also released an album on Folkways Records, entitled Lebanon: The Baalbek Folk Festival. Li Peng Michel Aoun May 1, 1992 February 1, 1992 Zhu Peiqing zh:朱培慶 Li Peng Rashid as-Solh September 1, 1996 July 1, 1996 An Huihou zh:安惠侯 Li Peng Rafiq al-Hariri December 1, 1998 December 1, 1998 Liu Zhentang Syrian commentator Ayman Abdelnour said that Fairuz was performing to the Syrian people, not their rulers. It started with the incorporating western sounds into their music and eventually shaping the Lebanese style of music, since before the music had to fit into a certain mold. Nuhad Haddad (en árabe: نهاد حداد), nada en Yabal al Arz, o 21 de novembro de 1935, é unha cantante e actriz libanesa coñecida como Fairuz (en árabe: فيروز), Fairouz ou Fayrouz. Her father Wadīʿ was a Lebanese of the Syriac Orthodox faith,[24][25] and worked as a typesetter in a print shop. Lebanese Television has featured appearances by Fairuz in the following television programmes: Media related to Fairuz at Wikimedia Commons, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Eastern Orthodox Annunciation Church (Arabic: سيدة البشارة للروم الأرثوذكس بالأشرفية في بيروت), "Fairuz | Biography & History | AllMusic", "Aljazeera - فيروز من "جوار القمر" إلى عمق التاريخ", "في مثل هذا اليوم ولدت المغنية اللبنانية نهاد وديع "فيروزnohad hadda, https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/opinions/1987/04/26/the-sad-voice-of-beirut/29f5d2ab-715a-4ece-9fc8-038a824a1a68/, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2010/jul/29/fairouz-diva-middle-east, "Lebanese diva Fairuz's concert delights Syrian fans", "Lebanese diva arouses emotion, controversy in Syria", https://www.dailysabah.com/op-ed/2019/12/24/an-artist-uniting-a-nation-lebanons-fairuz, https://gulfnews.com/entertainment/arab-celebs/lesser-known-facts-about-fairouz-as-legendary-singer-turns-84-1.67982328, https://www.aub.edu.lb/doctorates/recipients/Pages/fairuz-profile.aspx, https://www.mtv.com.lb/en/news/articles/869926/how-did-fairuz-become-an-international-star, https://almashriq.hiof.no/lebanon/700/780/fairuz/legend/biography.html, http://www.aubmc.org/Documents/publications/newsletter/obs_gyn/issue19.pdf, https://www.thenational.ae/arts-culture/eight-reasons-why-fairouz-is-the-greatest-arab-diva-of-all-time-1.186719, https://www.albawaba.com/entertainment/iconic-fairouz-remains-most-listened-arab-singer-she-turns-80-771638, Libanesische Sängerin Fairouz: Die fremde Stimme, "Fairouz | Singer, Artist, Biography, & Facts", "9 facts about legendary Lebanese singer Fayrouz", "This Pop Diva Wows 'Em In Arabic (Published 1999)", "Lebanese Civil War | History, Causes, Effects, & Combatants", "Fairuz - Paroles de " Atini Alnay Wa Ghanny- أعطني الناي و غن " + traduction en anglais", "Happy Birthday Fairouz! Ayyam al Hassad (Days of Harvest) was never recorded and Al 'Urs fi l’Qarya (The Marriage in the Village) has not yet been released (yet an unofficial audio record is available).[29]. [nb 4] The official language, Arabic, is the most common language spoken by … Fairuz (àrab :فيروز} ), nascuda Nouhad Haddad (Líban, 20 de novembre de 1934) és una cantant libanesa. [62][63], Fairuz's son, Ziad Rahbani, sparked controversy in December 2013 during an interview with the Al-Ahed website when asked whether his mother shared his supportive stance on the political vision of Hassan Nasrallah, the leader of Hezbollah, a dominant but highly controversial political and military force in Lebanon. It was first sung at the end of the sixties.[47]. Sta pàggina fu canciata a 17:06 di lu 9 maiu 2015. [31] Fairuz's music was the pop culture of its time in the Arab world[32], and represented universality and relatability, as she made music that tackled issues ranging from adolescence and love to political plight and patriotism, even "snappy christmas carols" which made her work accessible to all. Also featured are songs by Philemon Wehbe, Ziad Rahbani, Zaki Nassif, Mohamed Abd El Wahab, Najib Hankash and Mohamed Mohsen. Ziad Rahbani, the eldest son of Fairuz and Assi, at age 17 gave his mother the music of one of his unreleased songs "Akhadou el Helween" (that he had composed to be sung by Marwan Mahfouz in "Sahriyyi" Ziad's first play) and his uncle Mansour Rahbani re-wrote new lyrics for it to be called "Saalouni n'Nass" ("The People Asked Me") which talked about Fayrouz being on stage for the first time without Assi. The family later moved into a home in a cobblestone alley called Zuqaq el Blatt in Beirut. However, her decision to perform there drew criticism from Lebanese politicians who considered Syria to be a hostile nation. [13] He also went on to compose several songs for her, and chose for her the stage name Fairuz, which is the Arabic word for turquoise. [15], In a career spanning over six decades, Fairuz has recorded nearly 1500 songs, released more than 80 albums, 20 musicals and sold over 150 million records worldwide, making her the highest selling Middle-Eastern artist of all time and one the best-selling music artists in the world. headline displayed by Emirati newspaper Al-Ittihad. [67] Nasrallah, commenting on the issue during a speech, stated: "An educated highly respected thinker and artist, who maybe espoused different ideologies, might disagree with you on political matters, but personally have [a] fondness for you, because of your character, conduct, sacrifices and so on. Son père, Wadi' Haddad, et sa mère, Liza al Boustani, lui donnèrent son nom de naissance : Nouhad Haddad. She is considered by many as one of the leading vocalists and most famous singers in the history of … [31][34][35], Fairuz's first large-scale concert was in 1957, as part of the Baalbeck International Festival which took place under the patronage of the Lebanese President Camille Chamoun. [28][29], The musicals combined storyline, lyrics and dialogue, musical composition varying widely from Lebanese folkloric and rhythmic modes to classical, westernized, and oriental songs, orchestration, and the voice and acting of Fairuz. She played the lead roles alongside singers/actors Nasri Shamseddine, Wadih El Safi, Antoine Kerbaje, Elie Shouayri (Chouayri), Hoda (Fairuz's younger sister), William Haswani, Raja Badr, Siham Chammas (Shammas), Georgette Sayegh and many others. As a result of this busy schedule, Assi’s medical and mental health began to deteriorate. Un taxi per Beirut [72] This encounter was also symbolic as it spoke volumes that Macron would choose to engage with her rather than faction politicians. Fairouz was born to a Syriac Orthodox family. ), che si è evoluto, in seguito, in una band guidata dallo stesso Condon. Two concerts took place at BIEL Center in Beirut, Lebanon, on October 7 and 8. [68][69][70]The Guardian stated that "she sang the story of a Lebanon that never really existed" and "essentially helped build the identity of Lebanon, just 14 years after it became an independent country". Fans crowded outside the hospital praying for him and lighting candles. She appeared at the Baalbeck International Festival in 1998 after 25 years of self-imposed absence where she performed the highlights of three very successful plays that were presented in the 1960s and 1970s. Beirut. [67] Ziad, who claims to speak on his mother's behalf "because she prefers to remain silent", responded to his critics by saying: "Apparently it isn’t allowed in the age of strife for the princess of classy Arab art to voice love for the master of resistance". Fairuz made a second and final European Television appearance on French TV on October 13, 1988 in a show called Du côté de chez Fred. Lameen is inspired by the French song "Pour qui veille l'étoile" and was adapted into Arabic by Reema Rahbany. The issue began when Mansour's children filed a lawsuit against Fairuz when she was set to perform the song "Ya'ish Ya'ish" at the Casino du Liban. Fairuz possesses a large repertoire of songs. The Rahbani Brothers produced 25 popular musical plays (20 with Fairuz) over a period of more than 30 years. For decades, almost all radio stations in the Arab world have been starting their morning broadcast with a Fairuz song, and her songs were continuously listened to during the war, as the people could expect to hear a patriotic moelody of peace an love. [10] Her first major hit "Itab" came in 1952 which made her an instant star in the Arab world. [60] Lehendabiziko konferentzia Hezkuntza Globaleko Koalizioaren bilkura izango zen, Covid-19ari urruneko hezkuntzaren bitartez aurre egiteko ordurako sortutako erakundea. She would sing regularly during school shows and on holidays. She performed in the Folkloric section of the festival representing "The Lebanese Nights". Beirut at this time was undergoing rapid modernization and cultural expansion, and some who lived in the city were not even of Arab background making it even harder to relate to the music forms of the time. [27], Mohammed Flayfel took a close interest in Nouhad's talent. [39] These songs would also customarily included commentary and themes of local and regional socio-political and historical issues. modifier Le Liban (en arabe لبنان} (lubnān)), en forme longue la République libanaise[4] (en arabe : الجمهورية اللبنانية / al-jumhūriyya al-lubnāniyya), est un État du Proche-Orient. [33] As the 1960s wore on, Fairuz became known as the "First Lady of Lebanese singing", as Halim Roumi dubbed her. [1] Segons el ministre d'Interior del Líban, l'explosió fou deguda a la detonació accidental de 2.750 tones de nitrat d'amoni (un fertilitzant amb aplicacions com a explosiu) confiscades anys abans. Roumi was impressed by her voice and noticing that it was flexible allowing her to sing both Arabic and Western modes. [36], Fairuz and the Rahbani brothers started to garner more and more attention with their innovative ventures and went on to revolutionize the blueprint for Lebanese music. Her first album in the new millennium Wala Keef, was released in 2002. In an audition, Nouhad was heard singing by Halim el Roumi, head of the Lebanese radio station established in 1938 making it one of the oldest stations in the Arab world. She is like the mother whom, even when she errs, we are eager to forgive," Chahine added. Il 2016 (MMXVI in numeri romani) è un anno bisestile del XXI secolo. However, in a letter to the event's organizers, she said that the concert should be viewed from a cultural perspective, and wrote: "Damascus is not a cultural capital for this year only, but will remain a role model of art, culture and authenticity for the coming generations". At just 10,452 km 2 (4,036 mi 2), it is the smallest recognized sovereign state on the mainland Asian continent. [61], Since many of the Rahbanis' works were co-written by Assi's brother Mansour, in June 2010, a year after Mansour's death in January 2009, a Lebanese court banned Fairuz from singing material that involved his contributions. Beirut have 2.060.363 (2012) habitantes. [ citation needed ] Born to Maronite Catholic Arab parents in Beirut, Saab began sewing as a child. To date Fairuz has performed in many countries around the globe including Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, France, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Netherlands, Greece, Canada, United States, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Italy, and her home country Lebanon. [16][17][18][19][20], Nouhad Haddad was born on November 20, 1934 in Lebanon into a Syriac and Maronite Christian family. Eighteen of them have been officially released on audio CD, two on DVD (Mais el Reem and Loulou). [75]In an article about world music, The Independent stated "All young female singers in this region seem to be clones of her" and that "she's such an important artist that you have to get to grips with her".[76]. Living in a single room of a typical Lebanese stone house facing Beirut's Eastern Orthodox Patriarchate school, they shared a kitchen with the neighbors. Va tenir estrets vincles amb la … 6 mio. [29], A short while later, Fairuz was introduced to the Rahbani brothers, Assi and Mansour, who also worked at the radio station as musicians. [55][56][57], Fairuz married Assi Rahbani, one of the Rahnani brothers who helped shape her singing career on January 23, 1955. In the 1990s, Fairuz produced six albums (two Philemon Wehbe tributes with unreleased tracks included, a Zaki Nassif album, three Ziad Rahbani albums, and a tribute album to Assi Rahbani orchestrated by Ziad) and held a number of large-scale concerts, most notably the historic concert held at Beirut's Martyr's Square in September 1994 to launch the rebirth of the downtown district that was ravaged by the civil war. Nouhad Wadie' Haddad (Arabic: نهاد وديع حداد‎; born November 20, 1934[1][2][3][4]), known as Fairuz (Arabic: فيروز), also spelled Fairouz, Feyrouz or Fayrouz, is a Lebanese singer. The court's decision led to protests around the world in response to what her fans perceived as an act of "silencing". Her first CD, The Very Best of Fairuz was published in 1987 and contained the emblematic song "Aatini al Nay wa ghanni" (Give me the flute and sing)[45] based on a poem in "The Procession"[46] by Khalil Gibran. Beirut (A-la-pek-g í: بيروت , Bayrūt) sī Lebanon ê siú-to kap tē-it toā ê siâⁿ-chhī, jîn-kháu 210 bān ... Koan-hē Wikipedia Bô-hū-chek seng-bêng Khai-hoat-chiá 統計 Cookie seng-bêng Hêng-tōng bô … Ihr Künstlername Fairuz bedeutet auf Deutsch Türkis. Havi na pupulazzioni di circa dui miliuna d'abbitanti. De Wikipedia. [74], In a 2008 article, BBC described her as "the legendary Lebanese singer and greatest living Arab diva". El seu nom d'escena, igualment transcrit Fayruz, Fairouz o Fayrouz, significa «turquesa» en àrab. Fairuz said that she had never seen such an audience in her life. Fairuz refrained from commenting on the controversy. November 1934[1] in Beirut, Libanon als Nuhad Haddad / نهاد حداد / Nuhād Ḥaddād) ist eine libanesische Sängerin und war auch in vielen Filmen und Theaterstücken zu sehen. Their chemistry was instant, and soon after, Assi started to compose songs for Fairouz, one of which was "Itab" (the third song he composed for her), which was an immediate success in all of the Arab world, establishing Fairuz as one of the most prominent Arab singers on the Arabic music scene. Fairuz has performed in many countries around the globe including Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, France, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Netherlands,[77] Greece, Canada, United States, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Italy, and her home country Lebanon. indbyggere. [14], Throughout the years, she headlined at the most important venues in the world such as Albert Hall and Royal Festival Hall in London, Carnegie Hall, Lincoln Center and United Nations General Assembly Lobby in New York, the Olympia and Salle Pleyel in Paris, the Odeon of Herodes Atticus in Athens and the Royal Theatre Carré in Amsterdam. This came amid a political crisis in Lebanon between pro- and anti-Syria factions, as well as a renewed Syrian government crackdown on dissent that same day during which several people were arrested, including opposition figure Riad Seif and twelve other activists of the anti-government Damascus Declaration. [50], On January 28, 2008, Fairuz performed at the Damascus Opera House in an emotional return to the Syrian capital, where she played the lead role in the musical Sah el-Nom (Good Morning), after more than two decades of absence from the country, in one of a series of events highlighting UNESCO's designation of Damascus as the Capital of Arab Culture that year. [21][22][23] Her father was born in Mardin, Turkey. Ian Black wrote on The Guardian: "Outrage over her silencing has been a reminder of the extraordinary loyalty she still inspires across the region". [1] Si prevede che il bilancio delle vittime salirà ulteriormente e molte persone sono ancora disperse. Sie gilt als eine der bedeutendsten arabischen Sängerinnen und Repräsentantin einer geeinten libanesischen Nation. Elias Rahbani, Assi's younger brother, took over the orchestration and musical arrangement for the performance. [2][3][4][5][6] Il governatore di Beirut Marwan Abboud ha … This change was received as well as it was due to growing discontent for the traditional and indigenous music. [43], In 1978, the trio toured Europe and the Persian Gulf nations, including a concert at the Paris Olympia. As a result, Fairuz could not perform such works without Mansour's children's permission. Commenting on the event, the BBC wrote: "Every day the sun rises over Syria you hear one voice across the country – Fairuz, the legendary Lebanese singer and greatest living Arab diva". She is considered by many as one of the leading vocalists and most famous singers in the history of Arab world. Beirut 33 54′N 35 32′E Thành phố lớn nhất Beirut Địa lý Diện tích 10.452 km² () Diện tích nước 1,8 % ... Danh sách các chủ đề liên quan tới Liban: nhằm liệt kê mọi bài viết liên quan tới Liban trên Wikipedia. Hundreds gathered in front of the National Museum of Beirut, led by a number of Arab artists, including Egyptian actress Ilham Chahine who flew to Lebanon in order to join the sit-in. LOT Polish Airlines, legally incorporated as Polskie Linie Lotnicze LOT S.A. (Polish pronunciation:  [lɔt], flight), is the flag carrier of Poland. It es situat al costa de Levante in li ost del Mediterraneo. Fairuz made it clear then and since that while always willing to sing to the public and to various countries and regions, she would never sing to any individual. [28] Fairuz amassed more fame when she aligned herself with the Palestinian cause in their conflict with Israel, and even produced a number of militaristic and patriotically somber songs for them. During this period the Rahbani brothers wrote and composed for her hundreds of famous songs, most of their operettas, and three motion pictures. This was how she came to the attention of Mohammed Flayfel, a well known musician and a teacher at the Lebanese Conservatory, who happened to attend one of the school's shows in February 1950. Fairouz to me is above all laws. Here Are 7 Facts About the Legendary Singer", "Fairouz fans angry over the diva's concert in Syria", "Fayrouz gives glimpse of upcoming album", "Lebanese icon Fayrouz announces release of new single 'Lameen' – Music – Arts & Culture", "Fans lend their voices to Fairouz, the silenced diva", "Famous diva's 'fondness' for Nasrallah stirs controversy", "Nasrallah and Jumblatt weigh in on Fairouz fallout", "Lebanese singer stirs controversy with 'love' of Hezbollah chief", "Uproar over legendary Fairuz's 'love' of Hezbollah chief", "Iconic Fairouz remains most listened-to Arab singer as she turns 80", "Macron's visit to Fairuz signifies French esteem for Lebanon's No. … The incident only served to increase her popularity. Fairuz was paid one Lebanese pound for that show, but her and the Rahbani brothers would become staples of the festival and featured most years until the civil war in Lebanon. The program features footage of her rehearsals for her concert at Bercy in addition to the ceremony featuring then French Minister of Culture Jack Lang awarding Fairuz the medal of Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres. Performansa pêşîn a komê di Gulana 2006an de li New Yorkê pêk hat, ji bo piştgiriya albûma xwe ya pêşîn, Gulag Orkestar. https://ie.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Beirut&oldid=111535, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Beirut komeke amerîkî ye ku bi eslê xwe projeya muzîka solo ya Zach Condonê Santa Feyî bû. She also performed a concert in Las Vegas at the MGM Grand Arena in 1999 which was attended by over 16,000 spectators, mostly Arabs. Among other things, he taught her to recite verses from the Koran (in the recitative style known as Tajweed). L'explosió del port de Beirut es produí el 4 d'agost del 2020 a la capital libanesa de Beirut. "She is a great artistic personality who has entertained millions for decades. [5][6][7][8] Fairuz is considered the musical icon of Lebanon, and popularly known as "the soul of Lebanon"[9], comparable to Edith Piaf in France, Elvis Presley in the United States and Lys Assia in Switzerland. The song is a tribute for Fairouz's late husband Assi Rahbany and was released in commemoration of his anniversary. Este artigo precisa de máis fontes ou referencias que aparezan nunha publicación acreditada que poidan verificar o seu contido, como libros ou outras publicacións especializadas no tema.Coordenadas O Líbano [2] é un pequeno país do Oriente Medio, limitado ao norte e ao leste por Siria, a sur por Israel e a oeste polo mar Mediterráneo, a través do cal se aproxima a Chipre. People from all ages attended the concert and the auditorium was packed with listeners. Even some Syrian opposition activists called on her to boycott the event. [28], In 1971, Fairuz's fame became international after her major North American tour, which was received with much excitement by the Arab-American and American community and yielded very positive reviews of the concerts. Libanon omfatter et areal på 10.452 km2 og har ca. Joan d'Ibelin o Joan I de Beirut, anomenat «el vell Senyor de Beirut» —Jean d'Ibelin, le vieux seigneur de Beyrouth (francès)— (1178 – Acre, febrer/març de 1236), va ser un poderós noble croat del segle xiii, un dels més coneguts representants de la influent família Ibelin. There are also fifteen unreleased songs composed by Philemon Wehbe and 24 unreleased songs composed by Ziad Rahbani in the 1980s. Most of the songs that are featured on these albums were composed by the Rahbani brothers. Muzîka Beirut hêmanên indie-rock û muzîka cîhanî li hev tîne. [38]So when Fairuz and the Rahbani brothers introduced a more modern yet still traditional form of music, they drew in mass appeal. [27][28] The war lasted fifteen years (1975–1990), took 150,000 lives, and fostered a divided nation. As of 2014, Greater Beirut has a population of 2.2 million, which makes it the in the At the age of eight, his attention had turned to fashion. It also includes a video montage of her previous movies and concerts. [26], By the age of ten, Nouhad was already known at school for her unusual singing voice. Ti-ci págine esset redactet in ultim li 8 februar 2015, clocca 11:21. This helped reshape the modern Lebanese identity especially in music, and would go on to make significant contributions to the history of oriental music. [78][1], The Rahbani plays expressed patriotism, unrequited love and nostalgia for village life, comedy, drama, philosophy, and contemporary politics. [37] The trio started working with their own prototype, which was shorter three-minute songs in the Lebanese dialect that would tell a story. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Nouhad Wadie' Haddad (Arabic: نهاد وديع حداد‎; born November 20, 1934[1][2][3][4]), known as Fairuz (Arabic: فيروز), also spelled Fairouz, Feyrouz or Fayrouz, is a Lebanese singer. [54] On June 21, 2017, her daughter Reema Rahbany released the first single from the album "Lameen". Ante li Guerre Intern de Libano inter 1975 e 1990 on sovente nominat Beirut quam li Paris del Proxim Ost. Salibi, K. The Modern History of Lebanon, Delmar, Caravan Books, 1977. Ekimenak Li Beirut zuen izena, "Beirutentzat" arabieraz. To them she became a lot more than just an entertainer, she became a representation of Lebanon. [40], On September 22, 1972, Assi suffered a brain hemorrhage and was rushed to the hospital. Beirut ( arab: arabisch ‏بيروت‎ Bairūt) es li cité capital de Libano. [66] Politicians and celebrities stepped in as well, some of whom objected to affiliating Fairuz to one side of Lebanon's political divide over another, including Druze leader Walid Jumblatt who said: "Fairuz is too great to be criticized, and at the same time too great to be classified as belonging to this or that political camp". Líbano (en árabe: لبنان Lebnān), oficialmente la República Libanesa (en árabe: الجمهوريّة اللبنانيّة Al-Ŷumhūriya Al-Lebnāniya, en francés, République libanaise), es un país en Oriente Próximo que limita al sur con Israel y al norte y al este con Siria, y está bañado por el mar Mediterráneo al oeste. Fairuz, who had scheduled a concert at the POPB of Paris Bercy concert hall three days later on October 16, was the main guest of French TV presenter Frédéric Mitterrand. [58], The 2008 concert in Damascus angered some of her fans and several Lebanese politicians who described Syria as "enemy territory in the grip of a brutal secret police force". 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