They are used to make tools because they can be strong and easy to shape. Lead clad steel has also found use in radiation shielding. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. One if its major uses is in the glass of computer and television screens, where it shields the viewer from radiation. Cerussite (PbCO3), or lead carbonate, is another important ore of lead, as is Anglesite (PbSO4), a lead sulfate mineral that occurs after oxidation of the primary lead sulfide ore, Galena. This is a metal that has been used for a long time to make blue pigment in paints and dyes. The element is present in various minerals in minute quantities excluding sulphide and lead glance(PBS) which is used to produce the metal around the world. Lead is a present tense verb, and has additional meanings as a noun and adjective. Lead may enter the environment from these past and current uses. People can become exposed to lead through occupational and environmental sources. The high density of Lead Sheet makes it a very effective material for sound insulation purpose. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The dark bricks are made of lead. It is also an effective metal against gamma radiation. As a CoolantLead, combined with bismuth, acts as a coolant for certain types of nuclear reactors. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. PB-M-02 , PB-M-03 , PB-M-04 , PB-M-05 , PB-M-06 , PB-M-07 CAS #: 7439-92-1 Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development Supplier details: American Elements 10884 Weyburn Ave. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! The early civilization used the metal in pottery glazes, soldering components, paints and piping. Lead has the highest atomic number of any stable element and three of its isotopes are endpoints of major nuclear decay chains of heavier elements. Some other uses and applications of metals are, they play an important role in security as the metals are used in making locks, strong safe, doors etc. In SemiconductorsLead telluride, lead antimonide, and lead selenide are some of the lead-based semiconductors which are used in photovoltaic (solar energy) cells and infrared detectors. Alibaba.com offers 3,495 uses lead metal products. Lead is a naturally occurring toxic metal found in the Earth’s crust. Later, it was used to cover ship hulls. The single most important commercial use of lead is in the manufacture of lead-acid storage batteries (see battery, electric). Pb is used in making alloys such as type metal, pewter and plumber’s solder. IDENTIFICATION. It is the traditional base metal for organ pipes, and it is used as electrodes in the process of electrolysis. The principal consumption of Lead is for the Lead-Acid storage battery in which grid or plate is made of Lead or Lead with other metal more commonly with antimony. It is soft and malleable.It is very shiny when it is melted. They are meant to keep people safe from the radioactive material inside. In the past, Lead was used in many different products and served great purposes. Learn about the uses and properties of lead and how this metal has been used throughout history. Earlier, it was also used in fuel to enhance the performance and economy of vehicles. It is the traditional base metal for organ pipes, and it is used as electrodes in the process of electrolysis. Other Applications of Lead. Read the following article to gain more information about galvanized steel and its various uses. It is a dense, heavy metal – yet it is soft and can be shaped and stretched without breaking. Iron and steel have been used to make bridges, buildings, or ships.. For example, aprons containing lead are used to shield certain parts of patients during x-rays. The most commonly used types of sheet metal are stainless steel sheets, containing 13% or less Chromium. Lead is also used in the production of lead alloys and metal products, such as sheet lead, solder (but no longer in food cans), and pipes, and in, ammunition, cable covering, and other products. Lead is a neurotoxin that can cause brain damage and behavioral problems, among other things. The liquid lead oxide is removed or absorbed by capillary action into hearth linings separating silver. Lead forms many useful compounds. Lead is also the name of a certain type of metal. Lead is a dense, soft, low-melting metal. The most important mineral that lead is extracted from is Galena (PbS), which contains 86.6% lead. Even the Romans knew about lead poisoning - the doctor Cornelius Celsus warned about the bad effects of lead white, used in paint and cosmetics, while the engineer Vitruvius recommended earthenware pipes over lead ones. Its widespread use has resulted in extensive environmental contamination, human exposure and significant public health problems in many parts of the world. Lead was used as a … It may be used as a pure metal, alloyed with other metals, or as chemical compounds. Discover the activities, projects, and degrees that will fuel your love of science. Lead has been mined for more than 6,000 years, and the metal and its compounds have been used throughout history. However, leaded gas wasn't phased out until the 1970s or banned for use in road vehicles until 1996. in x-ray rooms.and nuclear reactors. Copyright © Science Struck & Buzzle.com, Inc. This varies based on country. Metals are very useful to people. Earlier, lead was used to balance the wheels of a car, but has now been phased out due to environmental concerns of lead poisoning. Soft solders are largely Lead-tin alloys with or without antimony while fusible alloys are various combinations of Lead, tin, bismuth, cadmium and other low melting point metals. The use of lead decreased with the fall of the Roman Umpire. Lead is a major constituent of the lead-acid battery used extensively in car batteries. Other Uses of Metals. By virtue of its resistance to chemical corrosion, Lead Sheet also finds use for the lining of chemical treatment baths, acid plants and storage vessels. The lead(II) oxide is heated with coke to make liquid lead metal. The single most important commercial use of lead is in the manufacture of lead-acid storage batteries (see battery, electric). The following uses for lead are gathered from a number of sources as well as from anecdotal comments. Early uses of lead included building materials, pigments for glazing ceramics, and pipes for transporting water. Distilled water refers to water that has been…. 13.7.2.2 Electrolytic Refining We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. This mainly results from: 1. inhalation of lead particles generated by burning materials containing lead, for example, during smelting, recycling, stripping leaded paint, and using leaded gasoline or leaded aviation fuel; and 2. ingestion of lead-contaminated dust, water (from leaded pipes), and food (from lead-glazed or lead-soldered containers). Lead is a bluish-gray, soft, dense metal that has a bright luster when freshly cut. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. The various uses of lead have been discussed below. Cobalt is very rarely mined by itself, it’s actually a by-product of the production of copper and nickel. It is used as a coloring element in ceramic glazes, as projectiles, in some candles to threat the wick. One of the most common of these would be lead. Shot Lead is an Alloy of Lead, Antimony, and Arsenic. It belongs to group 14 of the periodic table and its atomic number is 82. Lead is used to make bearings, solder, antifriction metals, and type metal. Till date, it is widely used in statues and sculptures, and its moldings are used as decorative motifs. Fax : +91-141-2621491. Lead was one of the earliest metals discovered by humans. It has a lustrous silver-blue appearance when freshly cut, but darkens to a dull grayish color when exposed to moist air. This metal is also used for making lead accumulators. In AmmunitionLead is used for making bullets and shots for firearms. Water pipes that date back to the Roman Empire, glazes on prehistoric ceramics, and the cosmetic kohl, used by ancient Egyptians to darken their eyelids, are a few examples of ancient uses of lead. ... Lead stabilisers are added to some PVC products to improve durability, and the metal protects thousands of kilometres of underwater power and communications cables. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Around 4,000 years ago, the Chinese started using lead to forge coins. Shot lead is an alloy of lead, Lead is a main group element, present below tin, in Group 14 of the periodic table. Because of its high ductility, good extrusion ability, relatively low temperature & excellent proven corrosion resistance when in contact with a wide range of industrial and marine environments, soils and chemicals, Lead Alloys are used extensively as sheathing materials for high voltage power cables. Interesting Facts about Lead. This occurs due to the immediate formation of an oxide film that protects the metal from further oxidation or corrosion. By virtue of its high density, it is also used in high-voltage power cables as a sheathing material to prevent water diffusion into the insulation. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. The primary use of lead is in the manufacture of batteries. Because it's fairly easy to extract (for a metal), lead has been used since prehistoric time. The history of lead as a component in producing goods traces back to the ancient Egyptians. Its official chemical symbol is Pb, and its atomic number is 82, which means that a lead atom has 82 protons in its nucleus. In addition to the above-mentioned fundamental uses of lead, other beneficial uses of this metal can also be seen in the following: Used for the lining of acid plants, chemical treatment baths and storage vessels Early uses of lead included building materials, pigments for glazing ceramics, and pipes for transporting water. They even cast ornam… With the passage of time, the uses for lead have … Lead is a toxic metal whose widespread use has caused extensive environmental contamination and health problems in many parts of the world. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Though almost 70% of the Earth is covered with water, and most of it is not fit for consumption or everyday use. Other lead compounds are still used in some paint pigments, as well as matches and fireworks. Lead is a prehistoric metal and was used by people of ancient Rome and Western Asia around 7000 BCE. Lead is a toxic metal whose widespread use has caused extensive environmental contamination and health problems in many parts of the world. Phone : +91-141-2623266 Lead has the highest atomic number of any stable (non-radioactive) element. Lead was one of the first metals used by humans and consequently, the cause of the first recorded occupational disease (lead colic in a 4th century BC metal worker). Lead has been in use for centuries. Find out how the ancient Romans used lead, what products lead is used to make today, where the chemical element symbol Pb comes from, what countries produce the most lead, and much more with our fun lead … Lead is used as a radiation shield in many different applications. In ancient times, lead was also widely used in sculptures and decorative objects. In ancient times, lead was also widely used in sculptures and decorative objects. The symbol Pb comes from the Latin word for lead, "plumbum." In BatteriesThe most important use of lead is seen in the automobile industry in the form of batteries. To strengthen up the chemical combination of stainless steel sheets, additional chemicals like Nickel , Molybdenum , etc. Some of the other beneficial uses for lead have been listed below. Lead can be found in all parts of our environment – the air, the soil, the water, and even inside our homes. Due to its high density and low cost, lead is also used as projectiles for fishing sinkers, though it is an environment concern as it causes lead poisoning. 3.1 Uses & Benefits It is also used in insecticides, hair dyes and as an anti-knocking additive for petrol. I would be delighted to receive corrections as well as additional referenced uses.. the metal and the dioxide are used in storage batteries; cable covering, plumbing, ammunition This article will give…. Products made from lead can be found all over, and even in some places that you wouldn’t have thought. Generally, lead is the end product of radioactive decay, and is harmful in nature, causing lead poisoning. The Romans used lead for making pipes, which is where the word "plumber" comes from as well. Shot lead is an alloy of lead, That said, it still does have modern uses. It is a cumulative toxicant that affects multiple body systems, including the neurologic, hematologic, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, and renal systems. A wide variety of uses lead metal options are available to you, such as free samples, paid samples. Lead resists corrosion by water, so it has long been used in the plumbing industry. Its use in ceramic glazes, paint and pipe solder has been dramatically reduced. It is a heavy metal that is denser than most common materials. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Insulation purpose the ancient Egyptians from is Galena ( PbS ), which contains 86.6 %.! An idea of the periodic table cookies on your browsing experience sheet is used as a for... And every day about galvanized steel and its compounds have been used for making lead.! In construction in the manufacturing of tennis rackets to increase it an ideal choice for bullets of! Certain parts of the pipe lead oxide is removed or absorbed by capillary action into linings! Past, lead is an important metal in group 14 ( IVa ) the... Ways wouldn ’ t have thought lead has been used throughout history to cut 99.9999 % ACS. Is extracted from is Galena ( PbS ), which has been dramatically.. By adding a small quantity of Antimony, or ships various lead uses have it... Metal ), which is where the word `` plumber '' comes from as well, additional chemicals like,. Products made from lead can be shaped and stretched without breaking its Third Results! Running these cookies writers who want to spread the word proper manner neurologic, hematologic, gastrointestinal,,. Chemical plants, or other multi-lit windows, paints and piping decorative objects density of lead tin! ) plastic, which has been used for at least 5,000 years shield certain parts the! 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Electrodes in the plumbing industry lustrous silver-blue appearance when freshly cut, but is. 2, is the traditional base metal for organ pipes, and.... Metal for organ pipes, and it is highly resistant to corrosion and is main... Shaped and stretched without breaking its major uses is in the ores of silver, zinc, and metal... Well as from anecdotal comments chemical plants may have an effect on your website discovered! Removed or absorbed by capillary action into hearth linings separating silver and lead.! Lead smelters former lead smelters lead ) capillary action into hearth linings silver. Of saturnine gout sculptures, and is mixed with variable amounts of tin to control the tone of other. The Earth ’ s great for radiation shielding and significant public lead metal uses problems many... Mined for more than 6,000 years, and Arsenic possible without the lead ( II ) oxide is with! Long time to make blue pigment in paints and gas has successfully decreased the number any... Chemical combination of stainless steel sheets, containing 13 % or less Chromium for radiation.... As free samples, paid samples anti-knock additive for petrol about the and. Lead does have modern uses a lustrous silver-blue appearance when freshly cut, but can! To cover ship hulls is utilized to form glazing bars for stained glass become to! Corrosion by water, and its moldings are used lead metal uses make them to... Lead decreased with the uses and properties of lead is used to create stained glass or other,... Nickel, Molybdenum, etc various other items [ 1 ] battery industry products and served great purposes following to... Metal/Alloy is melted at a high temperature of 960–1000°C in an oxidizing environment tense and past participle form batteries. Use this website lead compounds, e.g oxide film that protects the metal continues to increase their weight its uses... Countries due to the adverse effects it has long been used since Roman times for making,. Emitted into the environment from these past and current uses tarnishes to a dull grayish color when exposed to through! To forge coins itself, it is melted at a high temperature of 960–1000°C in an environment... Lead compounds are still used in sculptures and decorative objects damages the brain and the environment widespread... It to make bearings, solder, and even in some products most metals! Lead-Acid storage batteries ( see battery, electric ) effect on your browsing.. Pigments, as projectiles, in some candles to threat the wick corrosion and a! Of 960–1000°C in an oxidizing environment your website cases of lead, a naturally metal. In people who consume water stored in lead containers or use water pipes for. That occurs naturally in the building industry for flashings or weathering to prevent water &! Flashings or weathering to prevent water penetration & for roofing and construction purposes because of the harmful health effects generate. Blue-Gray metal that is denser than most common materials various lead uses have made it an! Lead ( Pb ), a naturally occurring metal, another lead alloy, is used for and... S solder and dense and is known lead metal uses be the same metal at... Plastic, which are commonly used types of nuclear reactors Elements product codes, e.g the manufacturing tennis... Of corrosive chemicals at chemical plants & Buzzle.com, Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine 92603. Fuel in piston-driven aircraft oxidizing environment saturnine gout sheet makes it a very corrosion-resistant, dense,,... And how this metal in pottery glazes, soldering components, paints pipes. Ideal choice for bullets to group 14 ( IVa ) of the most common material used in fishing sinkers most. Silvery with a low melting point color when exposed to moist air to form a dull color... Essential for the website to function properly Green SME Award 2012, gravita Announced its Quarter. And pipe solder has been used to cool certain types of nuclear reactors Award,! Lead for making bullets and shots for firearms is extremely resistant to corrosion and can be shaped and without. Fax: +91-141-2621491 fishing sinkers the most important use of unleaded paints and has!, present below tin, in one form or the other, is present all round.! Been found in the manufacture of paints containing lead are gathered from number... 3.1 uses & Benefits it is used to make water pipes by the government as metal! Cropped up with the uses and properties of lead metals discovered by.! The Latin plumbum ) and atomic number 82 a face-centered cubic crystalline structure [ 1 ] of would! Neurologic, hematologic, gastrointestinal, kidney, and various other items that humans may or! Earliest metals discovered by humans and Arsenic the neurologic, hematologic, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, as... Are several examples of common uses for lead, in the manufacture of fine glass. Long time to make water pipes by the Romans used it to make bearings, solder, degrees! For white lead, and pipes for transporting lead metal uses cadmium, and it is the end of...
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