[32] Three deaths in Puerto Rico were attributed to the weather. The name lists repeat every six year and the only way the names are changed is if a name is retired. This is the same list used for the 1982 season. It officially began on June 1, 1990, and lasted until November 30, 1990. [47], Gilbert weakened slightly before landfall on the Yucatán Peninsula, although it struck at Category 5 strength. Storm Tracks by Year of Hurricanes and Tropical Storms, 1988 This map created by FCIT shows storm tracks of hurricanes and tropical storms in 1988. [51] The remnants of Isaac eventually regenerated in the eastern Pacific Ocean basin as Tropical Depression Twenty-E.[52], As a tropical cyclone, Isaac did not significantly affect land. Rainfall reached 1.78 inches (45.1 mm) in Saint John, New Brunswick,[16] most of which fell in a short amount of time. [70] Keith, the last of four named tropical cyclones to hit the United States during the season, produced moderate rainfall, a rough storm surge, and gusty winds across central Florida. It crossed the Guajira Peninsula on October 17 and quickly attained hurricane strength just 30 mi (48 km) from the coast. A real heavy bike but at 6′-1″ and 190 lbs, the weight was no problem for me. The slow moving system organized as it drifted toward the mouth of the Mississippi River. Florence and Helene were not used in 1982 but had been used in previous lists. This is the same list used for the 1982 season. Storm names are retired if they were so deadly or destructive that the future use of the name would be insensitive. The next day a low level circulation was detected by satellite, indicating that a tropical depression was forming. [42] Convection over the southern portion increased and wrapped around the center of the cloud band. An Air Force reconnaissance check of tropical weather on October 19 spotted the depression near Colombia's Guajira Peninsula. [citation needed], On September 2 a cluster of thunderstorms associated with a northwestward-moving tropical wave developed a surface low near Bermuda. The National Hurricane Center's Tropical Cyclone Reports contain comprehensive information on each tropical cyclone, including synoptic history, meteorological statistics, casualties and damages, and the post-analysis best track (six-hourly positions and intensities). The six lists above are used in rotation and re-cycled every six years, i.e., the 2019 list will be used again in 2025. [20], Maintaining a well-structured outflow, Beryl's circulation on August 9 moved over warm water, where conditions were favorable for further intensification. [10] A tornado in the city of Camagüey destroyed five Soviet planes and multiple buildings. [citation needed], The depression drifted eastward under the influence of the dissipating frontal trough and intensified into Tropical Storm Florence, as confirmed by Hurricane Hunters. They were replaced by Gordon and Joyce in the 1994 season. [44] Gusty winds caused power outages to more than 100,000 people. Usually, the six lists of names for tropical storms and hurricanes repeat. However, a front approached from the northwest and reversed the storm's course into southeastern Louisiana. [28] The next day this system was designated a tropical depression while it approached the Windward Islands. The low accelerated over the Eastern Seaboard through Nova Scotia and finally dissipated on August 30. Home > History > Featured Storms > Storms in the 1980s. [4] Over the open Gulf, Beryl produced sustained winds of minimal tropical storm force and tropical storm force gusts over coastal Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. [3] The official storm track forecast errors were 30 to 40 percent lower than the average for the previous 10 years. [citation needed], Hurricane Joan killed 148 people in Nicaragua and 68 others in affected nations. [7], Timeline of tropical activity in 1988 Atlantic hurricane season, The first tropical depression of the season formed on May 30 in the northwest Caribbean Sea. Storms were named Gilbert, Isaac, Joan and Keith for the first (and only, in the cases of Gilbert and Joan) time in 1988. [4] For the next seven days, surface and reconnaissance observations found little evidence that the storm was strengthening. [3][22] The system spawned gusty winds and thunderstorms along the coasts of Florida and Georgia but caused little damage. A convective band on the north and west sides of the system became well-defined, and anticyclonic outflow allowed for initial organization. Hurricane Case Studies. [60] The hurricane damage in Nicaragua amounted to half of the $1.87 billion total. Fran (1996) 10. Florence and Helene were not used in 1982 but had been used in previous lists. [9] The rainfall most affected the province of Cienfuegos, though the provinces of Villa Clara, Sancti Spíritus, Ciego de Ávila, and Camagüey were also impacted. The southern portion continued moving westward as a disorganized area of showers. [25] Because of unfavorable upper level conditions and interaction with Bahama islands, the system lost its well defined center as it moved towards Florida's east coast. Though the surface low remained poorly defined and separate from the convection, the system became a tropical depression on September 3. Hurricane Joan's small size allowed the depression to remain out-of-reach as it developed. [32] Heavy thunderstorms spawned a tornado in South Carolina that resulted in another death. On September 19 at 18:00 UTC, the system was upgraded to Tropical Depression Fourteen. [33] On August 28 the storm was upgraded to Tropical Storm Chris as it traveled northward just offshore of Florida. This list is the same as the list in 1982 because no names were retired in 1982. The hurricane crossed into the eastern Pacific Ocean and was reclassified as Tropical Storm Miriam. [18] By August 8 surface winds increased enough to issue tropical storm warnings for Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle. I bought a brand new 1988 CBR1000F Monza Red and Black Hurricane. The June 1988 forecast was that eleven storms would form and that seven would reach hurricane status. Storms in the 1970s. The 1994 Atlantic hurricane season was the final season in the most recent negative Atlantic multidecadal oscillation period (“low-activity era” or “cold phase”) of tropical cyclone formation within the basin. The band split into two over the central Gulf when the southern portion stalled and the northern portion developed into a frontal wave that tracked northeastward. The 1989 Atlantic hurricane season was an average season with 11 named storms.The season officially began on June 1, and ended on November 30. It made landfall near Savannah, Georgia, bringing light rain and wind damage to the area. Roxanne (1995) 9. Gabrielle did not affect land, but is notable for both its size and intensity. The 1988 Atlantic hurricane season was a moderately active season that proved costly and deadly, with 15 tropical cyclones directly affecting land. [19] Excessive rain fell along the central Gulf Coast, including local amounts of 16 in (410 mm) at Dauphin Island, Alabama. [31] At peak intensity, the hurricane's center was just 30 mi (48 km) from the coast. A real heavy bike but at 6′-1″ and 190 lbs, the weight was no problem for me. Retirement of hurricane names began in 1954, and Florence in 1988 wasn't destructive or deadly enough to merit retirement of the name. The June through November dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin. However, later that day, Helene weakened back to a Category 1 hurricane while accelerating to the northeast. [29] Though poorly organized on August 21, the depression was expected to strengthen into a tropical storm over the western Caribbean's warmer waters. The only land area affected by the storm was in the Azores, where it brought near storm-force winds to Flores Island. After crossing the islands, the depression continued westward into the central Caribbean and encountered less-favorable conditions. [45], The 13th tropical depression formed just east of the Lesser Antilles on September 8. The 1989 Atlantic hurricane season was an average season with 11 named storms.The season officially began on June 1, and ended on November 30. 1988- Hurricane Gilbert On September 3, 1988, a tropical wave was detected on satellite imagery satellite imagery as it moved off the coast of Africa. It is only calculated for full advisories on tropical systems at or exceeding 34 knots (39 mph, 63 km/h), which is tropical storm strength. [34], Debby formed from the southern part of a tropical wave that became Tropical Storm Chris. Joan also brought heavy rainfall and mudslides to countries along the extreme southern Caribbean. That record is held by an, Timeline of the 1988 Atlantic hurricane season, List of wettest tropical cyclones in Cuba since 1963, "Tropical Meteorology Project Forecast Verifications Errors", 10.1175/1520-0493(1989)117<2260:ATSO>2.0.CO;2, "Average NHC Atlantic Track Forecast Errors", "Atlantic basin: Comparison of Original and Revised HURDAT", "Background information: the North Atlantic Hurricane Season", "Lluvias intensas observadas y grandes inundaciones reportadas", "Características generales de los factores del régimen hidrológico de Cuba", "Cuba – Heavy Rains Jun 1988 UNDRO Information Report No. The following names were used for named storms that formed in the north Atlantic in 1988. Gilbert was the first hurricane to make landfall in Jamaica since Hurricane Charlie in 1951. Storms in the 1900s. As a result, it remained a tropical depression as it moved across portions of the Lesser and Greater Antilles as well as the Bahamas. Storms in the 1920s. [citation needed], A tropical wave moved off the coast of Africa on September 23. Below is the list of Atlantic Ocean retired names and the year the hurricane(s) occurred. [4] The 24-, 48-, and 72-hour forecasts were the most accurate in more than 18 years and were also more accurate than in each subsequent season until 1996. The storm continued to strengthen as it lost tropical characteristics. The official 1988 roster of the Carolina Hurricanes, including position, height, weight, date of birth, age, and birth place. Storms were named Keith and Oscar for the only time, and Isaac, Joan, Leslie, Michael, Nadine, and Patty for the first time in 1988. [53] However, the remnants dropped heavy rainfall across Trinidad and Tobago, causing flooding and mudslides that injured 20 people[54] and left at least 30 homeless. The storm drifted north-northwest of the Cape Verde islands for the next three days with little change in strength. Gilbert's remnants turned north and eventually merged with a developing frontal low pressure system over Missouri. [57] [14], The season's first named storm originated on August 4 within a weak trough of low pressure that formed off the coast of South Carolina. Rainfall from the hurricane caused severe river flooding in portions of the Florida Panhandle in an area already severely affected by heavy rainfall, and the flooding damaged or destroyed dozens of houses in Santa Rosa County. Storms before the 1900s. [58] Its track along the northern coast of South America was very rare; Joan was one of only a few Atlantic tropical cyclones to move in this way. [47], Hurricane Gilbert was the most intense hurricane ever observed in the Atlantic basin until Hurricane Wilma broke this record in 2005. However, if there is an unusually large or damaging hurricane, the name is retired by the World Meteorological Organization’s hurricane committee because using it again could be considered insensitive and could also cause confusion. [4], A broad low pressure area formed in the western Gulf of Mexico on September 2 and quickly developed through the next day. These 21 names will be assigned to any tropical storms that develop in the Atlantic Ocean in 2019. Four hurricanes and three tropical storms made landfall during the season and caused 550 deaths and $4.86 billion in damage. [58] The depression brought heavy rain to the Netherlands Antilles. Here is the list of names for the current hurricane season. It was an above average season in which 19 tropical depressions formed. The other Florence tropical cyclones were … [48], A tropical wave with deeply organized convection crossed the coast of Africa on September 15. [4] The storm rapidly weakened over southeastern Louisiana and lost all its deep convection as it passed over the New Orleans area. [54] Across the country, the storm damaged roads and bridges. This excludes anything except tropical storms (winds between 62 and 117 km/h) and hurricanes (winds above 117 km/h), since lesser storms are not named. I bought a brand new 1988 CBR1000F Monza Red and Black Hurricane. On September 13 the central pressure dropped 72 millibars (2.1 inHg), the fastest deepening of an Atlantic hurricane on record until 2005's Hurricane Wilma. However, the name of a particularly destructive hurricane could be retired and replaced with a new name. Heavy downpours from system's remnants brought more than 12 in (300 mm) of rain to parts of eastern Texas. Cool ocean temperatures weakened the system and diminished its prospects for restrengthening,[27] and on August 26 Tropical Depression Five degenerated into a tropical wave. Category 4 hurricane 145 (230) 934 NewFoundLand 5 4 Floyd August 16 – August 22 Category 1 hurricane 85 (140) 979 Jamaica 10 4 Gert August 20 – August 24 Tropical storm 60 (95) 995 None 0 0 Harvey August 31 – September 17 Category 5 hurricane 185 (295) 889 None 0 0 Irene September 10 – September 17 Category 3 hurricane [49], While Hurricane Helene was spinning in the central Atlantic, a tropical wave that moved off the coast of Africa in late September rapidly organized. This list is the same as the list in 1982 because no names were retired in 1982. [50] The depression tracked westward at 15 to 20 mph (32 km/h) but weakened rapidly. Retired female hurricane names: 1. In Alabama one man died while trying to secure his boat. On September 30 the depression was upgraded when an Air Force reconnaissance plane discovered tropical storm-force winds. The center passed south of Monterrey, Mexico, on September 17 and brought heavy flooding to the city. [citation needed], Tropical Depression Six developed from a tropical wave that moved off the northwest African coast on August 12. When the center reemerged over water, Gilbert rapidly intensified again. [69][71] Damage near the coast occurred mainly from storm surge and beach erosion, while damage further inland was limited to flooding and downed trees and power lines. By August 21 convection in the northern part of the wave detached and organized into Tropical Depression Seven. (When a name is retired, it’s replaced by a new name.) By August 6 the storm was designated the second tropical depression of the season. However, the outflow of the hurricane sheared the depression and sapped its energy. After forming, the depression tracked west-southwestward and intensified due to disrupted outflow from a large air stream disturbance. The use of easily remembered names greatly reduces confusionwhen two or moretropical storms occur at the same time. An after-the-fact review of satellite and ship reports indicated that the depression reached tropical storm-strength on September 7. Great bike for the time. The storm left many without power and communications, severely damaged the country's transportation infrastructure, and destroyed six bridges. These 21 names will be assigned to any tropical storms that develop in the Atlantic Ocean in 2019. It moved westward through the Caribbean Sea and became organized enough to attain tropical storm status on November 20. Currently operating under the Nautic Global Group, the Hurricane brand features a product offering of sporty looking deck boats and pontoon-like crafts. On September 7 the system formed a surface circulation, and tropical depression advisories began that day. [31] The storm tracked westward along the southern periphery of a subtropical high pressure ridge over the mid-Atlantic. Florence became a depression on September 10 near Baton Rouge and dissipated the next day over northeast Texas. Hurricane Hugo was a Cape Verde hurricane that became a Category 5 (on the Saffir-Simpson Scale) storm in the Atlantic, then raked the northeast Caribbean as a Category 4 storm before turning northwest between an upper-level high pressure system to the north and upper-level low pressure system to the south. [citation needed], A well-organized disturbance moved off the African coast on September 6 and rapidly developed into Tropical Depression Eleven. [33] Weakening to a depression, Chris poured heavy rains on South Carolina, where it merged with a cold front and became extratropical. [5], The season's activity was reflected with an accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) rating of 103, which is classified as "near normal". For the next two days the system traveled northwest while it strengthened into Tropical Storm Joan. [4] Overall damage was widespread but fairly minor, totaling about $7.3 million. Storms in the 1930s. [23], Early predictions from hurricane forecasters said that the depression would strengthen into the season's third tropical storm. [40] The system eventually weakened and merged with the low pressure trough. They are now maintained and updated througha strict procedure by an international committee of the World Meteorological Organization. Joan at the time was the southernmost Category 4 hurricane ever recorded, but this record has since been broken by Hurricane Ivan. 1988- Hurricane Gilbert. The precursor tropical wave produced thunderstorms and gusty winds ranging between 23 and 34 mph (37 and 55 km/h) in Cape Verde on September 17. The next day it was downgraded to a tropical wave while still in the far eastern Atlantic, and never reformed in the Atlantic. This list has seen a total of 84 total tropical storms, 41 total hurricanes, and 12 total major hurricanes; making this list the one of the least active lists out of the other lists. [3] The wave dampened over the next 24 hours and brought heavy rain to the rest of the southeast, including a maximum of 8.4 in (210 mm) in Biloxi, Mississippi. [15], The storm produced peak wind gusts of 48 mph (78 km/h) at Yarmouth, Nova Scotia. Florence became a hurricane just hours before landfall on the western Mississippi Delta. This page was last changed on 9 March 2015, at 22:59. As a result, no tropical depressions formed in June or July. Overall damage from the storm was light, and only one known death was attributed to the storm. The rainfall caused localized flooding, which briefly closed some streets. Decreased wind shear in August allowed tropical waves to develop into tropical cyclones. [3], Chris formed from a strong tropical wave that moved off the west coast of Africa on August 15. The last storm of the season, Tropical Storm Keith, dissipated on November 24,[4] only 6 days before the official end of the season on November 30. It would wreak havoc in the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico for nearly nine days and become the most destructive storm in the history of Jamaica. On September 14, 1988, Hurricane Gilbert made a second landfall on Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula as a Category 5 storm. Current List of Retired Atlantic Hurricane Names. As it moved west-northwest, it became Tropical Storm Gilbert over the islands on September 9. [23] According to the National Weather Service, winds in some squalls to the north and east of the center reached up to 50 mph (80 km/h). All damage figures are in 1988 United States dollars, unless otherwise noted, Although Alberto intensified from a tropical depression to a tropical storm at a higher latitude than any other Atlantic system, it is not the northernmost formation of a tropical cyclone in the Atlantic. The most notable cyclone of the season was Hurricane Gilbert, which at the time was the strongest Atlantic hurricane on record. [28] The system's main effect on land was squally weather on the Windward Islands. Later on September 21, Helene intensified into a hurricane. Below is a complete list of these names as well as the year they were originally designated. Hurricane Gilbert slams into Jamaica, killing hundreds of people, on September 12, 1988. This season was active with 19 depressions. Tropical cyclones include depressions, storms and hurricanes. [63] In an unusual occurrence the disturbance developed into the 18th tropical depression about 500 mi (800 km) behind the powerful hurricane. The following names were used for named storms that formed in the north Atlantic in 1988. [22] The storm moved over south Georgia and the central Gulf Coast while dropping up to 7 in (178 mm) of rain on the Southeast. [20] The next morning Beryl had weakened to a tropical depression as it moved over the Bayou Teche. [42] The storm turned northward on September 9 and accelerated toward the northern Gulf Coast under the influence of a mid- to upper-level trough. Hurricane Gilbert was a very powerful tropical cyclone which caused much damage to the Caribbean, Mexico and parts of South Texas in the 1988 Atlantic hurricane season.Before Hurricane Wilma in 2005, Hurricane Gilbert was the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic in terms of Barometric pressure.. [51] On September 29 it was identified as Tropical Depression Sixteen about 900 mi (1,400 km) southeast of Barbados. Hugo made landfall just north of Charleston, SC at Sullivan's Island around midnight September 22, 1989 as a Category 4 … [11] Flooding from the depression damaged 1,000 houses and destroyed 200 homes in Camagüey Province alone. The system encountered unfavorable conditions as it moved northward toward Cuba, and a reconnaissance airplane sent to investigate it could not find a well-defined center. The names not retired from this list were used again in the 1994 season. [3], Rainfall from the depression and its precursor peaked at 40.35 in (1025 mm), including a daily peak of 34.13 in (867 mm). [4] Nevertheless, the storm lasted only a short time in the shearing environment. [35], Debby weakened considerably over the Sierra Madre Oriental mountains, although the remnants continued moving across Mexico. [62], A westward-moving tropical wave, that left the coast of Africa in early October, tracked closely behind Hurricane Joan through the southern Caribbean. This list is the name that were set aside for the 1988 Atlantic hurricane season. This unnamed storm was later added to the list of tropical storms in the annual summary for the Atlantic hurricane season. [59] Joan remained well organized as it crossed Nicaragua and emerged in the eastern Pacific Ocean basin as Tropical Storm Miriam. Names that were not assigned are marked in gray. [40][41] However, because of its extreme eastern track, the storm's observational track did not include this information. [3] However, the depression degenerated a few hours later when it merged with the cold front that had caused its acceleration. In the mid-tropical Atlantic, the northern area of convection detached and became Tropical Depression Seven. [30] The disturbance moved over Central America with minimal convection but redeveloped into Hurricane Kristy once it reached the eastern Pacific. [38] Forecasters issued tropical storm warnings for the coast from Cameron, Louisiana, to Apalachicola, Florida, while the storm moved rapidly northeastward at 15 to 20 mph (32 km/h). The hurricane tracked through the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico and caused devastation in Mexico and many island nations, particularly Jamaica. [64] The system gradually dissipated on October 21 while Joan was experiencing rapid strengthening just before its arrival on the coast of Nicaragua. Upon entering the Eastern Pacific, the system became Tropical Depression Seventeen-E before dissipating in the Gulf of California on September 8. Favorable conditions allowed the storm to continue strengthening, and on September 22, Helene became a major hurricane. Although the World Meteorological Organization now names hurricanes after men and women, storm names weren’t always so equally divided by gender. This season was damaging and it featured the strongest storm known at the time, Hurricane Gilbert. Giving people's names to severe storms apparently began in Australia in the 19 th century, when Clement L. Wragge gave Biblical names to eastern Pacific hurricanes.During World War II, U.S. Army meteorologists are said to have begun using women's names for hurricanes, but we have not been able to find these names. Late on September 3 it was upgraded to Tropical Storm Ernesto. The storm went on to cause death and destruction in Mexico and spur a batch of tornadoes in Texas . The hurricane quickly weakened as it crossed the peninsula and emerged into the Gulf of Mexico as a Category 2 hurricane. [1] The final storm of the year, Tropical Storm Keith, became extratropical on November 24. At 12:00 UTC on September 30, Helene transitioned into an extratropical cyclone while centered well south of Iceland. [4] The system did not develop until the low-level center emerged from the Yucatán into the Bay of Campeche on August 31. Eventually weakened and merged with a northwestward-moving tropical wave that moved off the African coast on September 29 was... 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