It is interesting that the same name, in the semi-italianised form ‘Trentaphilla’, is given as one of the names of the Damask rose in a commentary on the works of the Arab physician Mesuë, published in Venice in 1540. [gallica × moschata] – damask rose Subordinate Taxa. centifolia (L.) Regel), the provence rose or cabbage rose or Rose de Mai is a hybrid rose developed by Dutch rose breeders in the period between the 1600s and the 1800s, possibly earlier. How to Identify Rosa Damascena Plants for Sale. Pers.R. I, p. 109, t.; R. Paestana Hort.). This peculiarity is not constant, however, judging from the cultivated plant, some of whose flowers have normal receptacles. Sold as 'Rosa damascena bifera'. Thory, the botanist who wrote the text for Redouté's Les Roses, classified Damasks separately from Biferas based on the receptacle or seed pods of the plants.He set out the differences between Damasks, Biferas, Albas, and Centifolias as follows: R. damascena: receptacle swollen towards the middle and narrowing at both ends. The names given to these roses all express the fact that, with suitable pruning, they had the ability to produce their flowers in two or three flushes during the growing season and could, with forcing, be flowered in the winter months. Rosa (RO-zuh) Cultivar: Autumn Damask: Additional cultivar information: (aka Alexandrian Rose, Bifera, Rose des Quatre Saisons, Four Seasons Rose, Old Castilian) Registered or introduced: 1819: Synonym: Rosa damascena var. Rosa damascena belongs to the Flowering Plants group. calendarum Borkh.R. ― Synonym of Rosa x bifera All the information associated to this invalid name can be found on the page of the species or subspecies with the valid name. hundred leaved/petaled rose; syn. Common NamesFour Seasons RoseMonthly RoseAutumn Damask. The rose was cultivated by Adrian van der Gracht at Ghent; it had stems armed with scattered, curved thorns, fragrant solitary flowers, which were semi-double, white with a flush of pink on some petals, roundish receptacles and entire sepals not exceeding the flower-bud in length. The next possible name in order of priority is R. belgica Mill., often made a synonym of R. damascena. Mill., flos . Rosa Damascena Bifera (pink, Europe) – Addictive Personality $ 14.95. aka: (Quartre Saisons, Rosa Damascena ‘Bifera’) This is the oldest European rose to reliably flower more than once, about every six weeks through till autumn. No garden that aspires to contain old garden roses should be without Autumn Damask. (1845), p. 211, quoting from Bishop Heber’s Indian Journal). But little is known today of the Belgic roses, and it is questionable whether they were of the same parentage as R. damascena Mill. BORKH., Rosa centifolia bifera , POIRET, Rosa gallica. R. damascena is not known in the wild state. semperflorens: Synonym: Rosa x … There are currently no active references in this article. Flowers semi-double, fragrant, in shades of blush or pink, borne in lax clusters of up to a dozen, each on a long stalk which is densely covered with glandular bristles and small prickles (but the inflorescence more compact in some of the Autumn Damasks). semperflorens). Rosa gallica. ; R. damascena coccinea Thory in Redouté, Les Roses, Vol. A more irregularly coloured form was portrayed by Ehret in the painting reproduced in The Rose Annual 1977, facing p. 60. f. versicolor West. Antique, heirloom, old and rare roses available for mail order at Rogue Valley Roses of Phoenix, Oregon. The identity of the Kazanlik rose seems to have been uncertain until specimens were received at Kew in 1874 and identified there by J. G. Baker as R. damascena. It is perhaps the outward sign of partial infertility.The Autumn Damasks are also represented in gardens by the old ‘Quatre Saisons Blanc Mousseux’ (‘Perpetual White Moss’). In earlier times there was a famous attar industry in the Fayyum Oasis, southwest of Cairo, while in India the largest fields were at Ghazipur, north-east of Benares (Hooker, Himalayan Journals (1854), p. 211; Gard. York and Lancaster Rose. The bush has an informal shape. var. The first reference in modern literature to a remontant Damask appears in Ferrari’s Flora, seu de Florum Cultura, a work published in Rome in 1633, where it is called Rosa italica flore pleno perpetuo and, in the Italian translation of 1638, the ‘Rosa di ogni mese’. In India the principal centre is now at Jaunpur, north-west of Benares. Receptacle narrowly ellipsoid, or narrowly campanulate, sometimes (especially in some Autumn Damasks) funnel-shaped, with the same covering as the sepals. Rowley R. bifera semperflorens Loisel. "the 'Province or Damaske Rose,' Rosa Provincialis sive Damascena, 'the common Damaske Rose' in stature, prickly branches, and in other respects is like the White Rose; especiall difference consisteth in the colour and smell of the floures; for these are of a pale red colour, and of a more pleasant smell, and fitter for meat or medicine." bifera semperflorens Loisel.R. The relatively small flowers grow in groups. praenestina’, the Plinian name used by him for R. damascena, and indeed his detailed description agrees very well with Parkinson’s. Another specimen in the Kew Herbarium, sent for identification by Messrs Dickson of Chester in 1886, is near to ‘Trigintipetala’; it was received by them as R. ‘Céleste’. 2 : 48 (1806) Recent research in Japan indicates that both summer and autumn damask roses originated with ( R. moschata X R. gallica) X R. fedtschenkoana. The Autumn Damask still in cultivation agrees very well with the botanical type of var. Rosa × damascena ‘bifera’ is a repeat-blooming hybrid of R. × damascena, the Damask rose. ; R. centifolia á R. bifera Poir. Dates / Origin Date Issued: 1817 - 1824 Place: A Paris But in British gardens it was called Rosa damascena, and appears under that name in all the editions of Miller’s dictionary, as earlier in Gerard’s Herball and Parkinson’s Paradisus and Theatrum Botanicum. Chron. The name R. damascena was first published by J. Herrmann in his Dissertatio (1762) and not, as has hitherto been assumed, by Miller in his Dictionary (1768). This plant has no children Legal Status. 3 (1875), p. 202; ibid., Vol. Add to cart. It is a bush to about 4 ft high, which if pruned in late winter will bloom from June until autumn. The epithet bifera was given by Poiret in the belief that ‘le Rosier des Quatres Saisons’ was the twice-bearing rose of Paestum often alluded to by the Roman poets; this had frequent flowers, but they were usually described as of a deep red colour.The first reference in modern literature to a remontant Damask appears in Ferrari’s Flora, seu de Florum Cultura, a work published in Rome in 1633, where it is called … To contact the editors: info@treesandshrubsonline.org. omnium calendarum RoessigR. In stating that the Italians, French, and Germans called this rose Rosa Damascena, from a belief that it came from Damascus, Monardes was confusing the Damask rose with the Musk rose, R. moschata, for it was to the latter that the name Rosa damascena was applied outside Britain, when used at all, the most frequent name for R. damascena being Rosa incarnata, or in the Low Countries and the Rhineland, Rosa provincialis; Rosa pallida was also used for it, especially by the apothecaries. Pers. ; R. calendarum Borkh. – A low-growing rose, spreading by suckers, its stems armed with fine prickles of various sizes. ; R. bifera Portlandica Loisel. semperflorens, which was the common Quatre Saisons rose of the French (R. bifera vulgaris Thory) – a different rose from the old monthly Damask of British gardens. Another pre-Linnaean name for R. lacteola was R. alba, minor of Caspar Bauhin’s Pinax (1623). Rosa Dr. Huey (dark red) – Deeper Acceptance $ 14.95. Autumn Damask rose (Rosa damascena var. An ancient cultivated rose from Asia Minor, the damask rose was first brought to Europe by the crusaders in the Middle Ages. Add to cart. Based on Article 16d(1), Article 16f and Article 16h of Directive 2001/83/ EC as amended (traditional use) Final . (Damask) 'Rosa damascena bifera'. SubstanCe: Abbreviation: Systematics: Rosa damascena Damask Rose: Ros-d: Rosaceae: R. calendarum, bifera, centifolia bifera, dt. I, p. 109, t.; R. Paestana Hort.). Hist. Chron. The origin of this rose is not known, but according to Andrews it was named for the Duchess of Portland, who is said to have cultivated it in her garden at Bulstrode Park. ; R. damascena coccinea Thory in Redouté, Les Roses, Vol. Add to cart. The roses are a light to moderate pink to light red. This highly scented, very old rose has full, double, cupped and quartered flowers of clear silvery pink. Les roses. Hort., Vol. Herbal substance(s) (binomial scientific name of the plant, including plant part) Rosa gallica L., Rosa centifolia L., Rosa damascena … Dickerson says it's probably extinct. Rosa damascena R 'Portlandica' Portland Rose, Scarlet Four Seasons, Rosa damascena 'Trigintipetala' Kazanlik Rose. menstrua Andr. Description. He calls it Rosa mensalis or the ‘monethly’ rose and remarks that it produced its flowers in three flushes (June, mid-August, and late September); it was ‘in all the parts thereof very like unto the Damask Rose’, but the flowers were ‘something more double, and not all things so sweet’. bifera: Synonym: Rosa damascena var. The leaves are pinnate, with five (rarely seven) leaflets. (1797), founded on an Autumn Damask; this name could be rejected as nomen nudum but was taken up by J. F. Gmelin in Flora Badensis, Vol. Rosa ×bifera (Poir.) It is one of the most important historic roses, probably going back to the Romans or earlier. R. bifera: receptacle funnel-shaped, confluent with the pedicel. General Description. semperjlorens G. Rowley (syn.) As one of the oldest rose varieties, the Damask has given birth to thousands of new varieties while maintaining its own unique heritage. Dates / Origin Date Issued: 1817 - 1824 Place: A Paris 210-12. – This group of old garden varieties has no constant botanical character to distinguish it from typical R. damascena Mill, and is probably of the same parentage (R. gallica × R. moschata). Note. Rank ... Rosa ×damascena Mill. R. damascena, as grown in Pakistan and Afghanistan, seems to be near to ‘Trigintipetala’. Despite its obscurity, R. damascena J. Herrm. Plant height: 101.10 ± 3.0 cm 6. Angl. Whatever this rose was, it was certainly not R. damascena in the modern sense, and in citing R. damascena L’Obel in the 1768 edition of his Dictionary Miller was guilty of carelessness, for the rose he actually describes is R. damascena as usually understood. Rosa 2. cv. L., Rosa centifolia . Names Redouté, Pierre Joseph (1759-1840) (Engraver) Thory, Claude-Antoine (1759-1827) (Author) Collection. It is considered an important type of Old Rose, and also important for its prominent place in the pedigree of many other types. Historically, the first moss roses to be obtained were not sported from R. × damascena ‘bifera’ but from R. × centifolia (cabbage rose). This group played its part in the formation of the Hybrid Perpetuals, which had largely displaced it in gardens by the middle of the 19th century. The Damask is a shrub rose, typically known for its sprawling growth habits. Damask Roses have graced the world since ancient times. The epithet bifera was given by Poiret in the belief that ‘le Rosier des Quatres Saisons’ was the twice-bearing rose of Paestum often alluded to by the Roman poets; this had frequent flowers, but they were usually described as of a deep red colour.The first reference in modern literature to a remontant Damask appears in Ferrari’s Flora, seu de Florum Cultura, a work published in Rome in 1633, where it is called Rosa italica flore pleno perpetuo and, in the Italian translation of 1638, the ‘Rosa di ogni mese’. The Portland rose is of historical interest as a parent of the ‘Rose du Roi’ (distributed in Britain as Lee’s Crimson Perpetual), first of a small group known as the Damask Perpetuals or Portland Roses. The distilled oil or spirit from its petals, he added in the Theatrum, ‘serveth more for outward perfumes than inward Physicke … and yet there is by many times much more of them spent and used than of red roses, so much hath pleasure outstripped necessary use’. He calls it Rosa mensalis or the ‘monethly’ rose and remarks that it produced its flowers in three flushes (June, mid-August, and late September); it was ‘in all the parts thereof very like unto the Damask Rose’, but the flowers were ‘something more double, and not all things so sweet’. The Autumn Damask still in cultivation agrees very well with the botanical type of var. But even in Parkinson’s time the Damask rose had a rival in R. centifolia, and by the 1830s had become rare. Rosa × damascena Mill. 259, Issues 1-2, 23 December 2000, Pages 53-59. It is one of the most important historic roses, probably going back to the Romans or earlier. ;Rosa x damascena Miller var. It was in commerce in Britain by the 1770s. damascena . Rosa Bifera Alba; Varieté du Rosier damascéne d'Autumne à fleurs blanches Additional title: Rosa x bifera Pers. Open for visitation by appointment only & for Customer Order Pickup weekdays between11:00 AM and 4:00 PM. Its intoxicating blooms are fully or semi-double, vibrant pink and emit the purest, most irresistible rose fragrance. bifera 3. Gene, Vol. Semi-double flower, light pink and rosette-shaped with quite visible yellow stamens, 7 cm in diameter and composed of 9-16 intensely scented petals. A shrub to about 7 ft high; stems and branches densely armed with curved prickles of various sizes, grading into stiff bristles. ROSA x damascena. The epithet bifera was given by Poiret in the belief that ‘le Rosier des Quatres Saisons’ was the twice-bearing rose of Paestum often alluded to by the Roman poets; this had frequent flowers, but they were usually described as of a deep red colour. The largest producers of Rose oil are Turkey and Bulgaria. Sepals up to twice the length of the flower-bud, with slender, sometimes slightly expanded tails and with lateral appendages, glandular and hairy on the back, strongly reflexed at flowering-time, soon deciduous. 2, p. 430 (1806) and probably still has priority over R. bifera Pers., also founded on an Autumn Damask, and published in November 1806. Rosa Damascena Versicolor – Thought Addiction (white/pink, Europ $ 14.95. Les roses. (1867), p. 606; ibid., Vol. Pers. Deadhead for faster rebloom, prune annually and/or peg for more bloom. It can reach up to 7 feet in height. Privacy Policy© var year = new Date();document.write(year.getFullYear()); Rogue Valley Roses LLC. – In its botanical characters this is a typical summer-flowering Damask rose and needs no further description. This is a plant whose flowers produced petals that used in the making of Rosa damascena Oil. Family: Rosaceae 4. Rosa gallica . R. gallica var. R. lacteola is figured in Besler’s Hortus Eystettensis (1616), where it is shown as unarmed, and it is one of the five roses listed by Linnaeus in Hortus Cliffortianus (1737), where the extreme doubleness of the flowers was remarked on. Growth habit: Erect, with synchronous branching giving a: globular shape to canopy; canopy diameter or: growth spread of a three-year old is about 0.80-0.90 m as compared to 0.60-0.70 m of ‘Noorjahan’. is an unresolved name This name is unresolved. This on at least two occasions has sported back to the pink-flowered moss-less Damask described above (see Graham Thomas, The Old Shrub Roses, p. 161 and plate IV). Today, the only pure Damasks still in gardens are the York and Lancaster rose and the Kazanlik (‘Trigintipetala’), the other Summer Damasks being forms of comparatively recent introduction from Iran, or hybrids. Flowers bright red, semi-double, in clusters of three or four, faintly scented, borne from midsummer into autumn (R. Portlandica West., Fl. aka: (Quartre Saisons, Rosa Damascena ‘Bifera’) This is the oldest European rose to reliably flower more than once, about every six weeks through till autumn. centifolia á R. bifera Poir.R. ; R. omnium calendarum Roessig; R. bifera (Poir.) The semi-double pink flowers are borne in small clusters on short, stiff pedicels, and show what was, for Thory, the leading character of R. bifera, namely, its funnel-shaped and rather narrow receptacles (repeat-flowering Damasks with ellipsoid receptacles were placed by Thory under R. damascena). A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. Since the 17th century, Rosa Damascena oil has impacted the livelihood, culture, and traditions of Bulgarians living in the southern sub-mountain region of the Balkan Mountains that the valley is now known across the globe as The Valley of Roses. semperjlorens G. Rowley (syn.) Pl. Herrmann cites as a synonym the R. lacteola of Jean Bauhin’s Historia (1650), but Bauhin took the name and description from an earlier work, the Hortus Medicus of Camerarius (1588), from which we get the additional information that its flowers were very double and that it was cultivated in quantity around Bratislava. Its affinity is with R. gallica, but its armature, although mixed as in that species, is denser and stronger, the prickles being more numerous and the bristles stiffer; the inflorescence is usually laxer, with more numerous flowers, the receptacles are more elongate, and the sepals longer and more pinnated (though strongly pinnated in some forms of R. gallica), and completely reflexed at flowering-time; it is also taller, and does not sucker. ; R. menstrua Andr. It is a bush to about 4 ft high, which if pruned in late winter will bloom from June until autumn. Shop for thory art prints from our community of independent artists and iconic brands. It is perhaps the outward sign of partial infertility. Later pre-Linnaean botanists gave the name as a synonym of R. rubra, i.e., R. gallica – surprisingly, since there is little or nothing in his description and figure to suggest that species. The R. damascena of L’Obel (1581) is of uncertain identity. The Bourbon Rose was a natural cross between Rosa chinensis and Rosa damascena bifera, these two pollen parents being a popular choice for hedging on the Island so there was obviously some horticultural hanky-panky going on in the hedge-rows. Leaves with five or seven leaflets ; rachis hairy, prickly beneath Autumn Damasks are also represented in gardens the. Produced petals that used in the making rosa damascena bifera Rosa damascena Damask rose and needs further. ( 1845 ), Article 16f and Article 16h of Directive 2001/83/ EC as (. Ships within 48 hours, and also important for its sprawling growth habits little distinguish. 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