It continued to strengthen and reached hurricane intensity later that day and peaked with winds of 75 mph (120 km/h). [21] Gusty winds and heavy rainfall also knocked over gateways, tents, and portable toilets at the 1985 Boy Scouts of America National Scout Jamboree at Fort A. P. Hill, injuring several scouts. As September is the climatological peak of hurricane season, it was the most active month. While crossing Florida, Bob curved sharply northward and emerged into the Atlantic Ocean near Vero Beach early on July 24. [5], The Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1,[2] but activity in 1985 began more than a month and a half later with the formation of Tropical Storm Ana on July 15. [56], After reaching peak intensity, wind shear began to steadily weaken the storm as it tracked north or north-northeastward. At 1200 UTC on September 8, a tropical depression developed about 230 mi (370 km) north-northwest of São Vicente, Cape Verde. The 20 … The legend shows the different categories of hurricanes as follows: Cat 5 (dark red), Cat 4 (red), Cat 3 (orange), Cat 2 (yellow), Cat 1 (green), tropical storm (teal), tropical depression (blue), and lower category (purple). Nearly 9,000 homes were damaged, 4,000 of which were destroyed. [59] On October 7, the wave spawned a tropical depression north of Hispaniola. Flood levels along rivers such as the James, Potomac, and Roanoke Rivers in Virginia rivaled that of Hurricane Camille in 1969 and Hurricane Agnes in 1972. The 1985 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 1, 1985 and ended on November 30, 1985.However storms can form outside these dates for example, Tropical Depression Thirteen formed on December 7.As far as activity goes this was average. Shortly after developing, it made landfall near Tivoli, Grenada with winds of 30 mph (45 km/h). 211. The CSU forecast for April 1985 was 11 named storms and 8 hurricanes. During the next 24 hours, Gloria did not intensify further and instead weakened back to a tropical depression late on September 18. [7] It was an average season in which 13 tropical depressions formed. [14], A tropical wave developed into Tropical Depression Two in the eastern Gulf of Mexico on July 21. A reconnaissance … [9] Seven hurricanes and two tropical storms made landfall during the season, causing 302 deaths and $4.52 billion in damage. The storm strengthened and by early on October 28, it became a hurricane. Hurricane Kate made landfall six days before Thanksgiving in 1985 on November 21 along Crooked Island near Mexico Beach. Kate strengthened while moving westward and was upgraded to a hurricane about 24 hours later. Kate was a category 1 hurricane that struck the Florida panhandle (the eye passed just 40 miles west of Tallahassee) on the night of Thursday, November 21, 1985. Similar impact was reported in Massachusetts and Rhode Island. One man was killed after a tree fell on his mobile home near Havelock. Start Date: 11/15/1985. This year marks 35 … [28], There was widespread coastal and inland flooding in Louisiana. Florida Frontiers “Revisiting the Irma Canoe", Florida Frontiers “Paintings of Nostalgic Florida: The Original Highwaymen Artists”, Florida Frontiers “Two Temporary Exhibits at the Brevard Museum”, Florida Frontiers “Commemorating Florida’s Black History”, Florida Frontiers “Pioneer Day Cemetery Tours”, Florida Frontiers “Citizen Activism Works”, Florida Frontiers “The 2018 Zora Neale Hurston Festival of the Arts and Humanities”, Florida Frontiers “The Future of History”, —   We are on Facebook, YouTube, Public Radio Stations and Florida Events   —. [33], About 1 million fled the coast as Elena approached, with some people undergoing two emergency evacuations due to the erratic path of the storm. The depression moved northwestward and initially remained weak. Between October 28 and October 29, the storm executed a cyclonic loop just offshore Louisiana. Existed Nov. 15-23, 1985. Simple explanations to complicated weather questions. [6] In early 1985, WRC predicted 8 named storms and 5 hurricanes. Fabian strengthened further and at 0945 UTC on that day, the storm attained its peak intensity with winds of 65 mph (100 km/h) and a minimum atmospheric pressure of 992 mbar (29.3 inHg). Landfall: 11/21/1985. [8], The season's activity was reflected with a cumulative accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) rating of 88,[1] which is classified as "near normal". [16] Tornadoes in the Tampa Bay area also caused some damage, mostly to mobile home parks. [32] The storm emerged into the Gulf of Mexico near Havana early on the following day. [13], While passing close to Sable Island on July 19, Ana peaked with winds of 70 mph (110 km/h). The storm briefly remained offshore, before a second landfall on the Mississippi River Delta in Louisiana early on October 31. Media in category "Hurricane Kate (1985)" The following 10 files are in this category, out of 10 total. Kate spawned a swarm of tornadoes as it ground into Georgia today, uprooting trees and knocking cars off highways like toys, before it finally weakened to a tropical storm … Timeline of the 1985 Atlantic hurricane season, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), "Atlantic basin Comparison of Original and Revised HURDAT", Background information: the North Atlantic Hurricane Season, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Comparison of Weather Research Center's OCSI Atlantic Annual Seasonal Hurricane Forecasts with Colorado State Professor Bill Gray's Seasonal Forecast". Hurricane Kate was a Category 2 storm that made landfall near Mexico Beach, in the Panhandle, four days before Thanksgiving in 1985. [29] A combination of rainfall and storm surge in southern Mississippi caused severe beach erosion and flooded 70 homes in Hancock County alone. It made its first landfall in Cuba on November 19 … Kate formed as a tropical storm in mid-November 1985 north-northwest of Puerto Rico and north-northeast of Hispaniola. To schedule an appointment to access the Library of Florida History, please email archivist @ myfloridahistory.org, or call 321-690-1971 ext. The month of August also featured Hurricanes Danny and Elena. Three other tropical cyclones – Hurricanes Bob, Danny, and Kate – caused moderate to extensive damage in Cuba and the United States. Despite the mountainous terrain of Cuba, the depression strengthened while tracking west-northwestward across the island. [63], In addition to the 11 named storms, three other tropical cyclones developed during the course of the 1985 Atlantic hurricane season. In Jefferson Parish alone, heavy rainfall and storm surge combined flooded at least 2,233 homes, 3,100 cars, and 100 businesses. The storm knocked down trees and powerlines across Tallahassee and the Big Bend. At 2100 UTC on September 24, Henri struck the eastern tip of Long Island with winds of 40 mph (65 km/h). Storm surge left about 150 homes uninhabitable in Wakulla County alone. The storm caused $1.3 billion in losses, with most of the damage in Louisiana and Mississippi. [58] When Isabel made landfall on northeastern Florida, the storm dropped light rains across the Southeastern United States, peaking at 3.38 in (86 mm) in southeastern North Carolina. [54] Storm surge amounts ranging from 4 to 8 feet (1.2 to 2.4 m) also caused flood damage to numerous homes along the Outer Banks. Early on August 13, it brushed Cape San Antonio, Cuba before emerging the Gulf of Mexico later that day. The depression remained weak, intensifying minimally and maintaining an ill-defined circulation as it tracked west-northwestward across the Caribbean Sea. Hurricane Kate is popular topic when it comes to notable hurricanes in the area. Falling trees and power lines left 32,000 residents without electricity, most of which were in the Charleston area. [29] Danny caused 5 fatalities and about $100 million in damage. However, colder sea surface temperatures caused Claudette to weaken to a tropical storm early on August 16. The system moved eastward and entered the Atlantic Ocean, where it transitioned into a low pressure area offshore Georgia on August 9. Shortly thereafter, the storm merged with frontal system, hours before it crossed the Burin Peninsula of Newfoundland. Hurricane Kate earned distinction in the record books as the latest US landfall on record back in 1985. The Florida Historical Quarterly has gone Digital! [62] By later that day, the depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Juan. [69] An estimated 3,653 mi2 (9461 km2) of sugar cane and 34,000 tonnes of sugar were ruined. The storm made landfall on November 21, 1985 on the Florida Panhandle. At 0000 UTC on August 17, the storm transitioned into an extratropical cyclone, while located north-northeast of the Azores. [19] One person was killed in North Carolina from a traffic accident. However, late on July 22, it was upgraded to Tropical Storm Bob. It reached Category 3 strength with maximum sustained winds reaching 120 miles per hour and a minimum barometric pressure of 954 milobars. [61], An upper-level low pressure in the Gulf of Mexico developed into a tropical depression on October 26. 26 november 1985. situation. Select an amount and donate with our shopping cart or contact us direct. A normal season as defined by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has 12.1 named storms, of which 6.4 reach hurricane strength, and 2.7 become major hurricanes. This forecast was not revised in June. [66] Early on November 19, the storm made landfall in Ciego de Ávila Province, Cuba with winds of 110 mph (180 km/h). Hurricanes in November, rare as they may be, are a real possibility -- and they can be bad, like the latest and strongest hurricane to ever strike the U.S. during the second-to-last month of the year. [43] In addition, there were nine total fatalities, including two in Texas from storm-induced rip currents; this was considered a low number, most likely the result of the massive evacuations prior to landfall. Since 1980, there have been 26 named November storms. Kate made its first landfall in Cuba as a strong hurricane before evolving across the eastern Gulf of Mexico. [20][24][25], A trough and an associated low-level circulation were observed over the Gulf Coast of the United States on August 7. After becoming extratropical, the system dropped slightly heavier precipitation amounts over southeastern Newfoundland, which peaked at 4.2 inches (106.3 mm). Subtropical cyclones are excluded from the total. High pressure surface and aloft dominated the fall weather of 1985 across the southeastern U.S while a major trough persisted over the southwestern states. However, the advisories were not operationally initiated until 0230 UTC on September 22, after a reconnaissance confirmed a low-level circulation. Additionally, there were seven deaths on the island. [55] By 1800 UTC on September 21, the system became Tropical Depression Nine, while located about 415 miles (670 km) east of Palm Coast, Florida. Losses reached $577 million. Watch later. Tallahassee received the worst of the storm, being on the windward or eastern side of the hurricane. At Lajes das Flores on Flores Island, sustained winds reached 29 mph (45 km/h), with gusts up to 52 mph (83 km/h). November 21 marks 32 years since the hurricane made landfall. This was partially attributed to a La Niña – a meteorological phenomenon that produces favorable conditions across the Atlantic basin, such as lower wind shear and higher sea surface temperatures. [49], A tropical wave developed into Tropical Depression Eight on September 16, while located near Cape Verde. Floridians in the Panhandle began assessing the damage caused by Hurricane Kate on this date. [70] There were 10 deaths and about 50 injuries. It made landfall late on November 21, 1985 near Mexico Beach, Florida. The estimated cost of damage in Florida and Georgia was nearly $300 million. [13] The storm produced relatively light winds on Bermuda, with sustained winds of 29 mph (47 km/h) and gusts up to 47 mph (76 km/h), causing no damage. The 1985 Atlantic hurricane season had 6 U.S. landfalling hurricanes, tied with 1886 and 2020 for the highest number on record. Hurricane Kate raged through Cuba Tuesday, knocking out telephones, electricity and gas with its 115 m.p.h. [26], A tropical wave developed into Tropical Depression Four on August 12, while located near Grand Cayman. [2], Tropical cyclogenesis in the 1985 Atlantic hurricane season began with the development Tropical Storm Ana on July 15. The depression drifted southeastward and then northeastward without significant intensification. [8] Eleven of the depressions attained tropical storm status and seven of these attained hurricane status. Hurricane Kate Hits Shore. The first storm, Ana, developed on July 15 near Bermuda and caused minor effects in Canada while transitioning into an extratropical cyclone. [52], The storm brought strong winds to eastern North Carolina, with sustained winds up to 98 mph (158 km/h) and gusts as high as 120 mph (190 km/h). Ana and its remnants dropped light rainfall and produced moderate winds on Sable Island and Nova Scotia. Shortly before 1200 UTC on that day, Juan made landfall near Morgan City, Louisiana as a minimal hurricane. Max Pressure: 1006 bars. [71] In the Florida Keys, strong winds downed trees and left power outages between Big Pine Key and Key West. As a result, with the exception of a brief cool front, no cold weather had been able to penetrate the Gulf, Caribbean nor the southwest North Atlantic south of 32°N prior to the advent of Kate. Early on August 17, Danny weakened to a tropical storm and was downgraded to a tropical depression several hours later. Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical or a wave or low. It curved west-northwestward and weakened to a Category 1 hurricane before emerging into the Gulf of Mexico late on November 19. [15], Bob dropped heavy rainfall in South Florida, peaking at 21.5 in (550 mm) in Everglades City. [22] Four people died in Washington, D.C. and Maryland from traffic accidents caused by slick roads. Shortly thereafter, Henri attained its peak intensity with maximum sustained winds of 60 mph (95 km/h) and a minimum atmospheric pressure of 996 mbar (29.4 inHg). Hurricane Kate made landfall on Thursday, November 21, 1985, just one week before Thanksgiving. At 1800 UTC on September 15, Tropical Depression Seven formed about 150 mi (240 km) north-northeast of Cockburn Town, Turks and Caicos Islands. Floridians in the Panhandle began assessing the damage caused by Hurricane Kate on this date. Severe damage occurred to the oyster crop,[35][36] and 40 ft (12 m) of sand was washed away along portions of the Florida Panhandle. In their August outlook, CSU predicted 10 named storms and 7 hurricanes. Road; Aerial; Storm Details for Hurricane Kate . Three other tropical cyclones – Claudette, Henri, and Isabel – did not significantly affect land. The World Meteorological Organization retired two names in the spring of 1986: Elena and Gloria. 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